Food addiction has been discussed here many times. Like other popular expressions, it is an incomplete shorthand term for something that takes more than a few syllables to say.
The addiction to overeating is more of a behavioral addiction than a substance addiction. Even that simplification has to be qualified, by admitting that quite a few foods and pseudo-foods do cause the same reactions as hard drugs.
Among many similar studies, the extensive European project NeuroFAST found that people diagnosed as morbidly obese “show changes in their dopamine systems which are similar to the changes in a person who is addicted to drugs or alcohol.”
Dependence on the pleasure of food may be on a continuum: overweight children may be only partially dependent (addicted); obese children may be fully dependent (addicted); and morbidly obese children may be in addictive tolerance mode.
This is explained further in Dr. Pretlow’s book Overweight: What Kids Say:
Overweight: What Kids Say:
Chapter 9 describes “tolerance,” which is a characteristic of addictive behaviors, where an individual must use more and more of a substance or behavior, or worse substances, to obtain the same pleasurable effect. If the childhood obesity epidemic is due in part to an addiction to highly pleasurable foods, then tolerance might be a factor that is worsening the epidemic and contributing to development of severe or “morbid” obesity in some kids.
If overweight kids need progressively larger amounts of pleasurable food or higher pleasure-level foods to feel satisfied or comforted, this would certainly worsen the childhood obesity epidemic and contribute to morbid obesity.
Morbid obesity is skyrocketing because cheap, high pleasure, high calorie food is becoming even more widely available, in the face of ever increasing tolerance. Furthermore, the stress of morbid obesity continually stokes the vicious cycle of spiraling comfort eating.
Last time, we spoke of how some individuals who suffer from morbid obesity may, either knowingly or unconsciously, derive some type of reward from their condition. No doubt in many cases it is the same reward that all addicts partake of. To be hooked on anything is to inhabit a life where all complications are removed and all answers are simple, because all decisions boil down to one question: Will this action get me more of my addictor?
If an eating addiction leads to morbid obesity, the trouble is doubled. Consider this: Many substance-addicted people are able to maintain a normal appearance. Their addiction disease is not readily discernible, but the person addicted to overeating can’t fool anybody.
Psychotherapist Mary Jo Rapini has learned the importance of helping a morbidly obese person identify what benefits they might be reaping from morbid obesity. What does the extra weight allow the person to protect or avoid? When the “condishun” fills a need, therapy can help to reduce that need or find another way to satisfy it.
When a person no longer benefits from old behaviors, Rapini says, those behaviors can be left behind. She adds:
It is also important to look at obese children’s homes especially if there is a substantial weight gain. Many times, something is going on at home that is causing this child to medicate their anxiety with food.
Dr. Pretlow is concerned by the number of children who are homeschooled so they can avoid the embarrassments and threats posed by public school. It is possible that their isolation and lack of socialization opportunities combine to encourage even more “comfort eating,” which in turn leads to more obesity. Dr. Pretlow writes:
We once had a weekly parents chat on our website hosted by a nurse. Mostly it was attended by parents, who were desperate for help, in regard to their morbidly obese homeschooled kids. Typically, they were single parents with no recourse.
Your responses and feedback are welcome!
Source: “Food addiction: know the facts,” Food.UK.MSN.com, 01/05/2013 10:15
Source: “Addiction to Highly Pleasurable Food as a Cause of the Childhood Obesity Epidemic: A Qualitative Internet Study,” Tandfonline.com, 06/21/11
Source: “What is Being Morbidly Obese Protecting You From?,” Chron.com, 09/27/11
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