The Mystery of Food Cravings

Mental state
A ScienceDaily piece, called “The Psychology of Food Cravings,” discussed the work of two scientists from Flinders University in Australia, Eva Kemps and Marika Tiggemann. They wanted to figure out why humans are plagued by intense desires to eat certain foods.

Their conclusions suggest that when a person experiences a food craving, the imagination kicks in and summons up a sense memory, and creates a mental picture of it, or recalls the aroma of the specific problem food. The more rich and powerful the person’s imagination, the more brain power is devoted to that mental construct. Consequently, while the mind’s eye is occupied by the craving, the person gets worse at performing cognitive tasks, i.e., those requiring thought.

The implication, for obese kids and teenagers, is obvious. Distracted by cravings, they can’t concentrate on school work. However, the question, as originally expressed by the uncredited author, is, “Where do food cravings come from?” The answer doesn’t quite match up:

Many research studies suggest that mental imagery may be a key component of food cravings — when people crave a specific food, they have vivid images of that food.

In terms of the question, this doesn’t make sense, and doesn’t go far toward tracing down the roots of food cravings. It seems to be saying that the craving comes first, and then the imagery. Fine, but how do the cravings get started? As Childhood Obesity News has mentioned, Adrian Meule attributes it to interior chemistry.

One thing the Australian researchers noticed was the extreme specificity of food cravings:

We don’t just want to eat something; instead, we want barbecue potato chips or cookie dough ice cream.

Here’s what else they found. Just as a craving can hijack the brain’s attention from daily tasks, a simple intervention can divert the consciousness away from the craving. The experiment is described:

… [V]olunteers who were craving a food watched a flickering pattern of black and white dots on a monitor (similar to an untuned television set). After viewing the pattern, they reported a decrease in the vividness of their craved-food images as well as a reduction in their cravings.

Mark Clare’s bio describes him as a “design generalist with experience in product, service, process, program, business model, organizational and software design.” He also teaches physics at one university, and applied cognitive science at another, and says:

When changing behaviors the onset of a craving can defeat the best intentions, strongest will and well-funded health program. Cravings are specific and powerful. They have more visceral force than emotions or drive states such as hunger.

What does this have to do with childhood obesity? Maybe a lot. Clare says of the Australian study,

This is good news for the cognitive designer looking for specific tools for managing the effects of cravings…

Your responses and feedback are welcome!

Source: “The Psychology of Food Cravings,” ScienceDaily, 05/17/10
Source: “Imagery and Food Cravings,” Cognitive Design, 07/10
Image by Kyknoord, used under its Creative Commons license.

One Response

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

FAQs and Media Requests: Click here…

Profiles: Kids Struggling with Weight

Profiles: Kids Struggling with Obesity top bottom

The Book

OVERWEIGHT: What Kids Say explores the obesity problem from the often-overlooked perspective of children struggling with being overweight.

About Dr. Robert A. Pretlow

Dr. Robert A. Pretlow is a pediatrician and childhood obesity specialist. He has been researching and spreading awareness on the childhood obesity epidemic in the US for more than a decade.
You can contact Dr. Pretlow at:


Dr. Pretlow’s invited presentation at the American Society of Animal Science 2020 Conference
What’s Causing Obesity in Companion Animals and What Can We Do About It

Dr. Pretlow’s invited presentation at the World Obesity Federation 2019 Conference:
Food/Eating Addiction and the Displacement Mechanism

Dr. Pretlow’s Multi-Center Clinical Trial Kick-off Speech 2018:
Obesity: Tackling the Root Cause

Dr. Pretlow’s 2017 Workshop on
Treatment of Obesity Using the Addiction Model

Dr. Pretlow’s invited presentation for
TEC and UNC 2016

Dr. Pretlow’s invited presentation at the 2015 Obesity Summit in London, UK.

Dr. Pretlow’s invited keynote at the 2014 European Childhood Obesity Group Congress in Salzburg, Austria.

Dr. Pretlow’s presentation at the 2013 European Congress on Obesity in Liverpool, UK.

Dr. Pretlow’s presentation at the 2011 International Conference on Childhood Obesity in Lisbon, Portugal.

Dr. Pretlow’s presentation at the 2010 Uniting Against Childhood Obesity Conference in Houston, TX.

Food & Health Resources